The Moral Argument
Will justice prevail in the end?
What values should guide my life and relationships?
Is the universe indifferent to having fun gatherings that are dedicated to churning up babies in blenders? Or are such actions truly evil? Think about it!
The search for moral value is one of the most important human journeys. Every day we find ourselves required to act upon what we believe to be right and wrong, whether we feel ready for the challenge – or not.
These questions are deepened by reflection upon the moral argument for the existence of God.
For if there is an exhaustively loving God, who always does what is good and right, then His very existence sets the moral standard for our lives.
By contrast, if we are adrift in an world of indifference and chance, fleeting froth in a naturalistic universe, then morality amounts to no more than personal preference, social convention, or genetic impulse. These are stark alternatives.
Against this broader background of reflection on the nature of morality is the more narrowly focused ‘moral argument for the existence of God.’ While the argument can be stated in many forms, here’s one popular variant, by Dr. William Lane Craig:
- If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist.
- Objective moral values and duties do exist.
- Therefore, God exists.
The following resources will strengthen your understanding of the moral argument for the existence of God.
- An Overview of the Moral Argument for God’s Existence by Paul Copan
- God, Naturalism, and the Foundations of Morality (PDF download) by Paul Copan
- The Moral Argument for the Existence of God by Eric Lyons
- The Moral Argument by Neil Shenvi
- The Indispensability of Theological Meta-Ethical Foundations for Morality by William Lane Craig
- Moral Objections to Christianity by David Horner
- Did Morals Evolve? by Greg Koukl
- Can Moral Objectivism do without God? by Peter Williams
In addition, some of the blog posts on this site have discussed the moral argument in relation to atheism:
- The Basic Problem with Atheism and Morality
- Moral Accountability
- Atheism and Amoralism
- Evil and Despair
- Atheism and selfishness
- Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air by Francis Beckwith and Greg Koukl
- True for You, but Not For Me by Paul Copan
- A Refutation of Moral Relativism by Peter Kreeft
- On Guard by William Lane Craig
- The Abolition of Man by C.S. Lewis
- Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality by David Baggett and Jerry Walls
What is the Moral Argument for God’s Existence? by Neil Shenvi
How to Demonstrate the Reality of Moral Values To the Skeptic:
Responding to the Euthyphro Dilemma:
A debate between Sam Harris and William Lane Craig on “Is the Foundation of Morality Natural or Supernatural?”
A four-part series on the moral argument by Dr. William Lane Craig:
We offer other great resources on the best reasons for the existence of God:
- Can We Know Truth? Is There Truth?
- Did Jesus Exist?
- Moral Relativism: Is There Right? What Is Right?
- The Argument From Reason
- The Bible: Is It True? Historical? Reasonable?
- The Cosmological Argument
- The Problem of Evil
- The Resurrection of Jesus: Evidence, reasons and resources
- The Teleological Argument
- The Unique Life and Teachings of Jesus
- Why Apologetics?